Johanna Maria Heckewelder Letter and Autograph

Dublin Core

Title

Johanna Maria Heckewelder Letter and Autograph

Subject

United States -- History --Ohio Women--Military Ohio--Religion in Ohio--Civil War

Description

This letter and autograph were written by Johanna Maria Heckewelder, the daughter of Moravian missionaries, who in 1781 became the first white female born in Ohio. The Moravians traveled to Ohio before it became a state to convert the Delaware Indians to Christianity. Heckewelder wrote the letter for the benefit of the Sanitary Commission, which provided medical assistance and supplies to soldiers during the Civil War. She was 83 years old when the letter was written. She provides a brief narrative of her life and closes the letter with the words, "wishing you success to your noble enterprise for the poor Soldiers." The letter and autograph are four pages and measure 4.5" x 7.5" (11.43 x 19.05 cm).

Creator

Heckewelder, Johanna Maria

Source

Ohio Historical Society; Unpublished material (archives/manuscripts); VFM 63

Date

February 22, 1864

Contributor

Nick Kelly

Rights

For rights and reproduction requests, go to the Ohio Historical Society's Audiovisual and Graphic Reproduction Services page at http://www.ohiohistory.org/resource/audiovis/photodup.html

Relation

http://www.ohiomemory.org/u?/p267401coll32,2623

Coverage

Salem (Ohio)
Tuscarawas County (OH)

Contribution Form

Online Submission

No

Document Item Type Metadata

Text

Page 1:

[illegible] Feb. 22d [d superscript] 1864

Dear Sir,
According to your request, I send you my Autograph ect. In the latter part of the last century. [illegible] the beginning of the present persons from Penn to thes [sic] States & moved to Ohio, the Muskingum, farmers & mechanicks [sic]. I was born as you will know the 16th day of April in the year 1781 in Salem, an Indian missionary Station, when nearly 5 months old, was captured by [illegible] Indians, & carried to Upper Sandusky, where we all remained till in the spring following. We them removed to Detroit namely the missionaries with their families, lived at the latter place till in August, & then removed to some land
belonging to the Chippowgs [sic], 30 miles above
Detroit on the river Huron, formed a settlement
here & called it [superscript] new Gnadenhutten,& here I lived till In as four years old, at which time I
travelled [sic] under the care of an aged missionary couple [written above missionary] who retired to Bethlehem & placed in the school there. [illegible] this journey which lasted from the 16th [th superscript] of May, to the 8th of July we endured

Page 2:

hardships & privations not to be described when camping in the woods, we were obliged to make fire all night to keep off the wolves, who were howling around us. [illegible] times we were [carrot mark] had to [above carrot mark] walk & the good old missionary Young man in whoose care I was, often told me [written superscript] that he frequently carried me for miles on his back. I am sorry I could not give you all the information you are desirous to have, but writing at my advanced age is such a severe trial for me, that I have now given it up entirely, as this will probably be the last letter that I shall write. wishing you success to your noble enterprise for the poor Soldiers, I am respectfully yours
Johanna Maria Heckewelder

Page 3

Johanna Maria Heckewelder

Page 4

H A [illegible]

Files

Click the Image for Full Size

Citation

Heckewelder, Johanna Maria, "Johanna Maria Heckewelder Letter and Autograph," in Ohio Civil War 150 | Collections & Exhibits, Item #1879, http://www.ohiocivilwar150.org/omeka/items/show/1879 (accessed December 22, 2014).

Social Bookmarking

Special Thanks to Ohio Memory, a joint project of OHS and the State Library of Ohio.